The Port Hope Area Initiative (PHAI) is a community initiated
environmental remediation project that began in 2001. Its goal is the cleanup
and safe long-term management of historic low-level radioactive waste in the
Port Hope area. The waste, which is no longer produced,
resulted from radium and uranium refining during the 1930s to 1980s. The
federal government, through the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management
Office (LLRWMO), is responsible for its long-term safe management throughout
the project as well as into the future.
Initiative, Two Projects
The Port Hope Area Initiative represents a $260 million commitment by the
Government of Canada to respond to the community-recommended solutions to
this long-standing environmental problem. A legal agreement completed in
March 2001 between the Government of Canada and the Municipalities defines
the responsibilities throughout the process.
The Municipalities are Clarington, Hope Township and the Town of Port
Hope. The Town of Port Hope and the Township of Hope amalgamated to form the Municipality of Port Hope in
2001. The LLRWMO has been designated as
proponent for two remediation projects under the Initiative:
Each project is subject to an environmental assessment and licensing
phase expected to last about five years. Cleanup, implementation and
construction of the proposed facilities will last about five to seven years
followed by long-term monitoring and surveillance.